Finland, or Republic of Finland, a country of northern Europe. It is crossed in the north by the Arctic Circle and is one of the most northerly nations in the world. Finland borders Russia, Norway, and Sweden, and fronts on the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland—arms of the Baltic Sea.
United Kingdom or Great Britain, an island country of northwestern Europe. The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Netherlands, or Kingdom of the Netherlands, a country in northwestern Europe. Frequently it is called Holland, a name that more properly applies to the two coastal provinces of Noord (North) and Zuid (South) Holland.