Finland, or Republic of Finland, a country of northern Europe. It is crossed in the north by the Arctic Circle and is one of the most northerly nations in the world. Finland borders Russia, Norway, and Sweden, and fronts on the Gulfs of Bothnia and Finland—arms of the Baltic Sea.
Iceland, or Republic of Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, usually considered the westernmost country of Europe.
Romania, or Rumania, a country of Europe. It is in the Balkans, bounded by Ukraine, Moldova, the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro, and Hungary.