Geneva (French:Genève), Switzerland, a major Swiss city and the capital of the French-speaking canton of Geneva. It lies on Lake Geneva and on the Rhône River, near the French border.
Geneva is the headquarters of numerous international organizations, including United Nations specialized agencies, the Red Cross, and the World Council of Churches. Geneva is also known as a haven for refugees and as a resort. Prominent among the city's industries are banking and the manufacturing of watches, clocks, jewelry, and precision machinery. Many international airlines serve Cointrin Airport.
The oldest part of Geneva, with its fascinating squares and narrow streets, lies south of where the Rhône River flows from Lake Geneva. Located here are St. Peter's Cathedral, which dates from the 12th century; the Reformation Monument, honoring the city's early Protestant leaders; the Museum of Art and History; and the University of Geneva, founded as an academy by John Calvin in 1559. South of the university is the Museum of Contemporary and Modern Art.
On the north shore, facing the lake, are luxury hotels and shops, promenades, and piers for pleasure boats and passenger vessels. On the far north side stand the Palace of Nations, a United Nations office building; the Ariana Museum, with an outstanding ceramics collection; and a botanical garden. Geneva has many stately homes and town houses and large, beautifully landscaped parks.