Helsinki, Finland, the national capital and the capital of the province of Uusimaa. Helsinki is a seaport on the Gulf of Finland, 180 miles (290 km) west of St. Petersburg, Russia. Products include ships, textiles, paper, machinery, and metal goods. Among Helsinki's many fine buildings are Helsinki Cathedral, the National University, the Government Palace, and the Finnish National Opera House. Also impressive is Finlandia Hall, home to the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra. The city has several museums, including the National Museum and the Art Museum of the Athenaeum.

Helsinki was founded in 1550, but was only a small town until it became the capital in 1812. The 1952 summer Olympic Games were held in Helsinki.

Population: 497,542.