Iceland, or Republic of Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, usually considered the westernmost country of Europe. Iceland lies immediately south of the Arctic Circle, about 500 miles (800 km) northwest of Scotland. With an area of 39,769 square miles (103,000 km2), the island is slightly smaller than the state of Kentucky. Maximum length (east-west) is roughly 310 miles (500 km); greatest width (north-south), 190 miles (300 km).

Facts in brief about Iceland
Capital: Reykjavik.
Official language: Icelandic.
Official name: Republic of Iceland.
Area: 39,769 mi2 (103,000 km2). Greatest distances—east-west, 300 mi (483 km); north-south, 190 mi (306 km). Coastline—1,243 mi (2,000 km).
Elevation: Highest—Hvannadalshnukur, 6,952 ft (2,119 m) above sea level. Lowest—sea level.
Population: Current estimate—300,000; density, 8 per mi2 (3 per km2); distribution, 93 percent urban, 7 percent rural. 2005 official government estimate—295,864.
Chief products: Agriculture—cattle, hay, sheep. Fishing—capelin, cod, haddock, herring. Manufacturing—aluminum, cement, clothing, electrical equipment, fertilizer, food products, printed materials.
Flag: Iceland's flag has a red cross with a white border on a blue background. The blue background is the national color of Iceland. The red and white crosses recall the flag of Denmark, the former ruler of Iceland. The civil flag, flown by the people, is rectangular. The state flag, flown by the government, has a swallowtail (forked tail).
Money: Basic unit—Icelandic krona.