Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, a resort city in Bohemia. The city, formerly called Karlsbad, grew enormously in the 19th century as a health resort. It was especially popular among the European aristocracy until World War I. The water from the hot springs is considered healthful for drinking and bathing, and large quantities are bottled. The city, which continues to be a popular spa, is also known for its porcelain and glass. Emperor Charles IV is said to have discovered the hot springs in the 14th century.

Population: about 61,000.