Leeds, England, a city in West Yorkshire. It is a major industrial center and one of England's largest cities. Leeds is 165 miles (266 km) north-northwest of London. It is connected to the North Sea by the Aire River and to the Irish Sea by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal.
Leeds has been for generations the leading wool textile center of England. Its woolens industry dates to the 14th century. There are coalfields nearby. Manufactured products include metalware, locomotives, farm implements, airplane parts, pottery and glassware, leather goods, clothing, furniture, chemicals, and printed matter.
The Brotherton Collection at the University of Leeds Library is known for its early editions and manuscripts of English literature. Also in the city is the Henry Moore Institute, devoted to sculpture. The Leeds City Art Gallery has a noted collection of 19th- and 20th-century British art. The ruins of Kirkstall Abbey, a Cistercian monastery built about 1150, are nearby. A music festival is held in Leeds every three years.
Leeds is mentioned in English history as early as 616 A.D. It was incorporated in 1626 and was made a county borough in 1888 and a city in 1893. The city was badly damaged during World War II.
Population (district): 715,406.