Montenegro, or Republic of Montenegro, a country in Southeastern Europe. The countrys native name is Crna Gora, which translates literally to black mountain or black forest. Montenegro has a coast on the Adriatic sea to the south. Montenegros largest city and capital is Podgorica. Montenegro was part of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro before it became an independent country based on the results of a referendum held on May 21, 2006.
|Facts in brief about Montenegro|
|Principal language: Serbian/Montenegrin.|
|Area: 5,333 mi2 (13,812 km2). Greatest distancesnorth-south, 119 mi (191 km); east-west, 98 mi (158 km).|
|Elevation: HighestMount Durmitor, 8,274 ft (2,522 m) above sea level. Lowestsea level along the Adriatic Sea.|
|Population: Estimated 2008 population629,000; density, 118 per mi2 (46 per km2).|
|Chief products: Agriculturecorn, olives, potatoes, tobacco, wheat. Manufacturingaluminum, cement, iron and steel, paper. Miningbauxite, coal, lead.|
|Flag: A red flag with a yellow border. In the center is a yellow double-headed eagle below a yellow crown. On the eagles breast is a blue shield with a lion standing on a green field.|
|Money: Basic uniteuro. One hundred cents equal one euro.|
A large part of Montenegro is covered with mountainous regions and thick forests. Montenegro extends from high peaks along its borders with Kosovo and Albania, a section of Karst of the western Balkan Peninsula and a narrow plain which ends in the north. The mountain ranges in Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe.
During the era of communism Montenegro experienced a rapid period of urbanization and industrialization. For a long time the lack of proper roadways and railways led to poor economic development. When a railroad line opened in 1976 between Bar, Montenegro's major seaport, and Belgrade, Yugoslavia's capital, it improved the transportation system and helped the economy. However, the loss of previously guaranteed markets and suppliers after the breakup of Yugoslavia left the Montenegrin industrial sector once again in decline. When Serbia and Montenegro was formed, Montenegro mostly took the responsibility for its economic policies. This was followed by more efficient privatization, passing of reform laws, introduction of VAT and usage of euro as Montenegros legal tender. Factories in Montenegro manufacture aluminum, cement, iron and steel, and paper. The country has large deposits of bauxite, coal, and lead. Farmers grow corn, olives, potatoes, tobacco, and wheat In addition; cherries, figs, grapes, peaches, pears, and plums are also cultivated. The animals primarily reared in Montenegro are cattle, hogs, and sheep.Tourism is a key income generator for Montenegro. Montenegro has airports in Berane, Podgorica, and Tivat. The leading daily newspaper is Pobjeda.
Most of the people in Montenegro are Montenegrins. There are also minority groups like Serbs, Muslim Slavs and Albanians. The official language spoken is Montenegrin. Children are required to attend school from ages 7 to 15.
A president heads Montenegro's government. The voters elect the president and the assembly members to four-year terms. Its current president is Filip Vujanovic. A 125-member assembly, led by a prime minister, makes the republic's laws. The prime minister is usually the leader of the party that controls the assembly. The Montenegrin Democratic Party of Socialists is the chief political party.