Moscow, (Russian: Moskva), Russia, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies on both sides of the Moscow River, in west-central European Russia.
Kazakhstan, a country in Central Asia that was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is bounded on the west and north by Russia; on the east by the Chinese province of Xinjiang; and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.
Japan, officially Nippon, a country off the east coast of Asia. It consists of four large islands—Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku—and more than 3,300 smaller ones, including the Ryukyu chain.