Moscow, (Russian: Moskva), Russia, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies on both sides of the Moscow River, in west-central European Russia.
Tokyo, Japan, the nation's capital and largest city and one of the largest cities in the world.
Kazakhstan, a country in Central Asia that was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is bounded on the west and north by Russia; on the east by the Chinese province of Xinjiang; and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.