Moscow, (Russian: Moskva), Russia, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies on both sides of the Moscow River, in west-central European Russia.
Beijing, or Peking, China, the nation's capital and second largest city. It lies on the edge of the North China Plain in the northeastern part of the country, about 90 miles (145 km) inland from the Bo Hai, an arm of the Yellow Sea.
Japan, officially Nippon, a country off the east coast of Asia. It consists of four large islands—Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku—and more than 3,300 smaller ones, including the Ryukyu chain.