Nancy, (French:), France, the capital of Meurthe-et-Moselle department. Nancy is about 190 miles (306 km) east of Paris on the Marne-Rhine Canal and the Meurthe River, 6 miles (10 km) from its junction with the Moselle. It is the chief city of the southern Lorraine farming, manufacturing, and coal-mining region. Textiles, furniture, electrical equipment, chemicals, clothing, and handicrafts are produced in Nancy. The city has several medieval palaces. The University of Nancy, founded at Pont-a-Mousson in 1572, was moved here in 1768.
In the 12th century Nancy became the capital of the dukes of Lorraine. The last duke, the former Polish king Stanislas I, was responsible for most of the 18th-century buildings. After his death in 1766, the area passed to the French crown. Nancy was in the section of Lorraine not taken by Germany after the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) and received many French refugees from the German section.