Oxford, England, a city in Oxfordshire. It lies on the Thames River, about 50 miles (80 km) northwest of London. Oxford University, Britain's oldest institution of higher education, is here. Oxford is an industrial city, producing varied products including automobiles. Printing and publishing are also important.

Oxford's beginnings are obscure, but the city dates from at least 912 A.D., when it is known to have been raided by the Danes. By the end of the 12th century it was an important market town and a center of learning. Parliament met here briefly in the 13th and 17th centuries. Oxford was chartered in 1605. The 20th century brought industrialization.

Population (district): 110,103.