Rouen, France, the capital of Seine-Maritime department. The city lies in northern France along both banks of the lower Seine, about 75 miles (120 km) northwest of Paris. It serves as the seaport for Paris, although it is 70 miles (113 km) from the river's mouth. Rouen is a leading manufacturing center. Many of its buildings of Gothic architecture were built from the 13th to 16th centuries. Rouen Cathedral (officially called the Cathedral of Notre Dame) is an especially fine example of this style of architecture. Other notable buildings are the abbey of Saint Ouen, the church of St. Maclou, the Palais de Justice, and a 15th-century clock tower, the Tour de la Grosse Horloge.
Settlement at Rouen dates back about 2,000 years. The city became the capital of Normandy during the 10th century. Joan of Arc was burned to death in Rouen in 1431. Many of the famous buildings were badly damaged during World War II.