Split, Croatia, a city in the region of Dalmatia. Built around an attractive harbor on the island-dotted Adriatic coast, Split is an important seaport, as well as a shipbuilding and resort center. Tourists are especially attracted by the pleasant climate, the sandy beaches north and south of the city, and the many old buildings, some of which date back to Roman times. Still standing are the walls and main buildings of the great palace built by the emperor Diocletian. Crowded with houses and shops, the palace and its grounds make up the city's core.
After centuries of Roman rule, Split was variously under the control of the Byzantine Empire, Venice, and, by the end of the 18th century, Austria. After World War I the city became a part of what came to be called Yugoslavia. Split remained under Yugoslav control until Croatia became independent in 1992.