St. Albans, England, a city in Hertfordshire, 20 miles (32 km) northwest of London. It was named for Saint Alban, the first Christian martyr of England. Alban, a Roman soldier, was beheaded about 303 for aiding Christians. On the site of his martyrdom, a hill overlooking the ancient Roman town of Verulamium (now part of St. Albans), a Benedictine abbey was built about 793. It was rebuilt in the 11th century and became a center for historical writing. The abbey church was made an Anglican cathedral in 1877.
Population (district): 129,008.