Stratford-upon-Avon, England, a city in Warwickshire, famous as the birthplace and home of William Shakespeare. It is on the Avon River, about 85 miles (137 km) northwest of London. Stratford is a market town and has some light manufacturing, but tourism is the main source of income.
Stratford has many restored buildings associated with Shakespeare, including a house on Henley Street traditionally considered to be his birthplace. In Holy Trinity Church are the tombs of the poet and his wife, Anne Hathaway, and the records of his baptism (1564) and burial (1616). Other preserved structures include the grammar school Shakespeare probably attended and Hall's Croft, a residence of his daughter and son-in-law. A formal garden marks the site of New Place, the house to which Shakespeare retired about 1611. In nearby Shottery is the farmhouse where Anne Hathaway lived prior to her marriage.
Perhaps the most outstanding attraction is the annual festival held at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre from late spring until early fall. Shakespearean and other dramas are presented by the Royal Shakespeare Company. An adjoining library contains rare editions of Shakespeare's works.
Stratford dates from the late seventh century but was an obscure village until the festival and other tourist attractions were established in the late 1800's.
Population (district): 111,483.