Ukraine, a country in eastern Europe that was once a part of the Soviet Union and known as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. It is bordered by Belarus, Russia, the Sea of Azov, the Black Sea, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland. Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, after Russia.

Facts in brief about Ukraine
Capital: Kiev.
Official language: Ukrainian.
Official name: Ukrayina (Ukraine).
Area: 233,090 mi2 (603,700 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, 550 mi (885 km); east-west, 830 mi (1,335 km). Coastline—1,800 mi (2,900 km).
Elevation: Highest—Mount Hoverla, 6,762 ft (2,061 m) above sea level. Lowest--sea level along the coast of the Black Sea.
Population: Current estimate—46,060,000; density, 198 per mi2 (76 per km2); distribution, 68 percent urban, 32 percent rural. 2001 census—48,457,102.
Chief products: Agriculture—barley, beef and dairy cattle, corn, hogs, potatoes, sugar beets, sunflowers, tobacco, wheat. Manufacturing—chemical fertilizers, clothing, iron and steel, machinery, military equipment, processed foods, shoes, refrigerators, television sets, transportation equipment, washing machines. Mining—coal, iron ore, manganese, natural gas, salt.
Flag: Ukraine's flag, adopted in 1992, has two horizontal stripes, blue and yellow (top to bottom). The blue stripe symbolizes the sky, and the yellow stripe symbolizes the wheat fields of Ukraine. The coat of arms features an ornate trident that dates from the late 900's.
Money: Basic unit—hryvnia. One hundred kopiyka equal one hryvnia.