Vienna (German: Wien ). Austria, the nation's capital and largest city. It is in northeastern Austria on the Danube River near the Vienna Woods, a foothill section of the Alps. About one-fourth of Austria's people live in the city and its suburbs. The area is about 160 square miles (414 km 2); the elevation at the Danube is about 510 feet (155 m).
Vienna first prospered as a trading center, as it commanded one of central Europe's most important land and water routes. The city achieved international renown as the capital of the Hapsburg realm. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Vienna became a center of music, art, architecture, and education. True to its great heritage, Vienna remains among the world's outstanding cultural centers.