Weimar, Germany, a city in the state of Thuringia, 135 miles (217 km) southwest of Berlin. Weimar is often called the “German Athens” because of its cultural importance in the 19th century. Noted writers and musicians who lived here include Goethe, Schiller, Bach, and Liszt. The city has textile mills, printing and publishing houses, and factories producing machinery, electrical goods, musical instruments, glass, tobacco, and paper products. At Weimar in 1919 the German national assembly ratified the Treaty of Versailles and formed the new German constitution and republic, often called the Weimar Constitution and Weimar Republic.