Worms, Germany, a city in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is on the west bank of the Rhine and is a river port. Worms is one of the oldest of German cities. It was the center of early legends told in the German epic Nibelungenlied. The city is in a wine-producing region and has varied industries. Its most notable building is the massive Romanesque cathedral, founded in the 8th century and rebuilt in the 11th and 12th centuries. There is an imposing monument to Martin Luther.
The original town, called Borbetomagus, was the capital of a Germanic tribe in the first century B.C. In the fifth century A.D. Worms was the Burgundian capital, and in 451 it was destroyed by Attila. It was an occasional residence of Charlemagne and other Frankish kings. The Concordat of Worms in 1122 settled a dispute between Emperor Henry V and Pope Calixtus II. At the Diet of Worms in 1521 Martin Luther made his defense before Charles V. Much of Worms was destroyed in World War II.