Zabrze, Poland, a city in Slaskie province, about 160 miles (257 km) southwest of Warsaw. It lies in the coal-rich region of Upper Silesia and is primarily an industrial city. Coal mining, iron and steel production, and related heavy engineering industries are important.
Zabrze was founded in the 13th century, but remained a small town for centuries. Prussia, a German state, acquired it as part of Upper Silesia in 1742, and growth began with coal mining in the early 1800's. From 1915 to 1945 the city was named Hindenburg. Zabrze became part of Poland after World War II.