Vosges, a mountain range in northeastern France. It rises abruptly from and parallels the Rhine valley for about 120 miles (190 km), from the Belfort Gap northward to the German border. It also serves as the border between the historic regions of Alsace and Lorraine. The range is widest and highest in the south, where several peaks exceed 4,000 feet (1,200 m) above sea level, and tapers off toward the German border. The main pass is the Saverne Gap, northwest of Strasbourg, a route for major roads and rail lines and the Marne-Rhine Canal.
The rounded summits of the Vosges are used for summer pasture. At lower altitudes dairy and grain farms prevail, and on the eastern foothills vineyards predominate. Forestry, textile milling, and tourism are also important.