Egypt, or Arab Republic of Egypt, a country in the Middle East, mostly in northeastern Africa but partly in southwestern Asia. Egyptians call their country Misr.

Egypt fronts on the Mediterranean Sea and is bordered by Libya, Sudan, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and Israel. The area of Egypt is 386,662 square miles (1,001,450 km2). Except for the Nile Valley, almost all of it is desert—part of the vast Sahara that spans the African continent in the north. Egypt's maximum dimensions are about 680 miles (1,090 km) north-south and 660 miles (1,060 km) east-west.