Giza, Egypt, the nation's third largest city. It lies along the west bank of the Nile river, across from Cairo. Products include footwear, beer, textiles, and electronic items. The city is served by several highways and a major railway.
Attractions in the city include a zoo and a museum of modern art. Cairo University, Egypt's largest university, is also here. Located about 5 miles (8 km) west of the city are several ancient pyramids, including the Great Pyramid. Also here is the Sphinx.
Giza was founded in the fourth century B.C. For many centuries it remained a small settlement. The city has experienced enormous growth since the end of World War II, when it had a population of about 18,000.