Gujranwala, Pakistan, one of the nation's largest cities. It lies in the Punjab region of northern Pakistan, near the Indian border. Gujranwala is the commercial center for a rich irrigated agricultural area, with trade in wheat, rice, and fruit. Manufactured goods include textiles, processed foods, and brass and copper wares.

The city rose to prominence in the early 19th century under Ranjit Singh, the first great Sikh ruler, who was born there. A mausoleum contains the ashes of Ranjit and his father, Mahan. Gujranwala became a part of British India in the late 1840's and a part of independent Pakistan in 1947.

Population: 597,000.