Nicosia, Cyprus, the capital of this island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. It lies just south of the Kyrenia Mountains in north-central Cyprus. Nicosia is the island's chief commercial and industrial center. The oldest section of the city is circular and walled and has remained virtually unchanged for centuries. The Cyprus Museum is rich in antiquities.

Nicosia is an ancient city, dating to about the seventh century B.C. After Cyprus gained independence in 1960, the city was divided, like the rest of the country, into two zones based on the people's ethnic and religious backgrounds. The northern part of the city is occupied by Turkish Cypriots, who are Muslims; the southern part by Greek Cypriots, who are Christians.

Population: southern Nicosia, 166,500; northern Nicosia, 37,400.