Suez, Egypt, a city on the Gulf of Suez at the southern end of the Suez Canal, about 80 miles (130 km) east of Cairo. It is one of Egypt's leading ports and industrial centers. Suez Canal shipping and petroleum refining are the city's principal activities. Suez was nearly destroyed during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War and was further damaged in the 1973 war. Reconstruction and recovery came largely after the reopening of the Suez Canal in 1975.
Suez dates from as early as the seventh century A.D. It remained a small town until the 1800's, when it became an important link in the overland route between Alexandria and India. Greatest growth followed the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869.