Tel Aviv, or Tel Aviv-Jaffa, a city in Israel. It lies on the Plain of Sharon along the Mediterranean Sea, about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Jerusalem. Tel Aviv is the financial and commercial center of Israel and a major manufacturing city. Textiles, clothing, processed foods, chemicals, drugs, and machinery are among its varied products. Most of Israel's printing and publishing enterprises are here. The city is linked by rail with Jerusalem, Haifa, and Beersheba and is served by the nearby international airport at Lod. Tel Aviv is also a center of Israel's cultural life. The Israel Philharmonic Orchestra and the Habimah theater are here, as well as several museums. The Performing Arts Center is the home of the New Israeli Opera. Tel Aviv University is the city's main institution of higher learning.
Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a suburb of Jaffa and incorporated in 1934. In 1950 Tel Aviv and Jaffa merged. Tel Aviv was damaged by Iraqi missiles during the Persian Gulf War of 1991.