Samaria,the capital of the Biblical kingdom of Israel (northern Palestine). It was 38 miles (61 km) north of Jerusalem at what is now the village of Sebastye. Extensive archeological excavations have been made at the site. Inscriptions found there, known as the Samaria Ostraca, give valuable information about Israel in the 800's B.C.

Northern Palestine was also known as Samaria after its conquest by Assyria in 722–721 B.C. The Assyrians carried many of the people into captivity and brought in new settlers. The newcomers intermarried with the Hebrews who remained, and the resulting people, called Samaritans, developed a distinct culture and set of religious beliefs.