Auckland, New Zealand, the nation's largest city and an important seaport. It occupies a narrow isthmus on New Zealand's North Island. On the city's north side is Waitemata Harbor, an arm of the Pacific Ocean and site of the city's main port. Manukau Harbor, on the city's south side, opens on the Tasman Sea. Extinct volcanoes and sandy beaches enhance the beauty of the natural setting. The climate is pleasantly mild.
Auckland is one of New Zealand's chief commercial and industrial centers. Located on busy shipping routes of the Pacific, Auckland is a crossroads of ocean transportation. It has an international airport.
Numerous parks and gardens dot the city. Auckland Art Gallery has exhibits of New Zealand art. The Auckland War Memorial Museum's collections reflect the art and history of New Zealand. Institutions of higher education here include the University of Auckland (New Zealand's largest university) and Auckland University of Technology.
The site of Auckland was originally occupied by Maoris. It was settled by the British in 1840 and made the capital of New Zealand; in 1865 the government was moved to Wellington.