Canberra,Australia, the national capital. It is in the southeastern part of the commonwealth, 150 miles (240 km) southwest of Sydney. Canberra is in the Australian Capital Territory—a federal district of 927 square miles (2,400 km2), acquired in 1911 from the state of New South Wales. The city lies in the foothills of the Australian Alps. It was built according to the plans of a Chicago architect, W. B. Griffin. Lake Burley Griffin forms its core.

In addition to the Federal Parliament House and other government buildings, Canberra is the site of the Commonwealth National Library, Canberra Technical College, the Australian National University, and the National Gallery of Australia.

Construction of Canberra began in 1913. It became the capital in 1927.

Population (urban Canberra, including part in New South Wales): 311,518.