PHYSICAL FEATURES

Australia is largely desert while New Zealand is mostly mountains. Both are affected by the ocean, especially on their respective coastal plains.

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The Chatham Islands

Chatham Islands, two small islands and some islets in the Pacific, making up a county of New Zealand.

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  • The Great Barrier Reef
    The Great Barrier Reef

    Great Barrier Reef, a coral reef in the Pacific Ocean extending about 1,250 miles (2,000 km) along the coast of Queensland, Australia. See more »

  • Auckland
    Auckland

    Auckland, New Zealand, the nation's largest city and an important seaport. It occupies a narrow isthmus on New Zealand's North Island. See more »

  • Botany Bay
    Botany Bay

    Botany Bay, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean on the southeastern coast of New South Wales, Australia. See more »

  • Cape York
    Cape York

    York, Cape, an arm of land on the northern shore of Baffin Bay, Greenland. Cape York was used as a station by Admiral Peary in his polar explorations. See more »

  • Christchurch
    Christchurch

    Christchurch, New Zealand, the capital of Canterbury Province. It is on the east coast of the South Island at the base of Banks Peninsula, eight miles (13 km) from the Pacific. See more »

  • Furneaux Group
    Furneaux Group

    Furneaux Group, a group of Australian islands that form part of the state of Tasmania. See more »

  • Lake Eyre
    Lake Eyre

    Eyre, Lake, a large intermittent salt lake in south-central Australia. It covers about 3,600 square miles (9,300 km2) and lies 52 feet (16 m) below sea level—the lowest elevation on the continent. See more »

  • Lord Howe Island
    Lord Howe Island

    Lord Howe Island, hou, a dependency of New South Wales, Australia, in the Tasman Sea 435 miles (700 km) northeast of Sydney. See more »

  • Mount Cook
    Mount Cook

    Cook, Mount, the highest peak (12,349 feet [3,764 m]) in New Zealand. It is located in Tasman National Park in the west-central part of the South Island, and is part of the Southern Alps. See more »

  • Mount Kosciusko
    Mount Kosciusko

    Kosciusko, Mount, the highest peak in Australia. It rises 7,310 feet (2,228 m) above sea level, in southeastern New South Wales, near the Victoria border, and forms part of the Australian Alps. See more »

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