Belém, Brazil, the capital of Pará state. It is 90 miles (145 km) from the sea on the Pará River, the southern branch of the Amazon River's mouth. Belém is about two degrees of latitude south of the Equator and has a hot, humid climate. Rainfall occurs almost daily.
Belém is the largest city and chief commercial center in the Amazon Basin. It has an excellent harbor and is the chief port for goods moving between the Amazon Basin and Brazilian or overseas ports. Belém's manufacturing plants produce such goods as textiles and foods. The city has an international airport.
Belém was founded in 1616. Its growth was slow until the end of the 19th century, when the rubber that grows in the region came into demand. The city enjoyed a boom period until rubber from Southeast Asian plantations became dominant in the international market in the early 20th century.