Belo Horizonte, Brazil, the capital of Minas Gerais state. It is in southeastern Brazil at an elevation of more than 2,600 feet (800 m) and is encircled by low mountains. The name Belo Horizonte means "beautiful horizon." The climate is subtropical and mild.
Belo Horizonte is the trade and processing center for a rich mining, ranching, and farming area. Steel, motor vehicles, textiles, machinery, and processed foods are among the chief manufactured goods. A network of railways and highways and an international airport serve the city.
The University of Minas Gerais (1927) and Catholic University (1958) are the chief educational institutions. Attractions include a number of museums and parks and a zoo. Mineirão Stadium is one of the largest stadiums in Latin America.
Belo Horizonte was the first of Brazil's planned cities. Construction began in 1893, and the city became the state capital in 1897.