Cali, Colombia, the capital of Valle del Cauca department. It lies on the Cauca River, about 180 miles (290 km) southwest of Bogotá, the national capital. Cali is the center of manufacturing, commerce, and transportation for the Cauca Valley, a fertile farming region, and for much of Colombia. Products include processed foods, clothing, chemicals, construction materials, and tires. Two universities are in the city.

Cali was founded in 1536. It remained small until the early 1900's, when railway linkage with the Pacific port of Buenaventura prompted its development.

Population: 1,350,535.