Chile, or Republic of Chile, a country in South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip along the Pacific coast, stretching from north of the Tropic of Capricorn to Cape Horn at the southern tip of the continent. Bordering nations, from north to south, are Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. Chile is 2,600 miles (4,200 km) long but its width averages only about 110 miles (180 km) and seldom exceeds 200 miles (320 km). Its area totals 292,135 square miles (756,626 km2).
Colombia, or Republic of Colombia, a country in northwestern South America. It lies on the Equator and fronts on both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans.
Venezuela, or Republic of Venezuela, a country in northern South America. It was given its name, meaning “Little Venice,” by an early Spanish explorer after he saw native huts built on posts in Lake Maracaibo.