Curitiba, Brazil, the capital of the state of Paraná. It is located 65 miles (105 km) west of the port of Paranagua. Curitiba is an industrial city and is the center of an agricultural region that produces a tea called maté (the main export), coffee, bananas, and sugar. The city's manufactured products include paper, textiles, and cement. The Federal University of Paraná and the Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná are here.
Curitiba was founded in 1654. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries large numbers of immigrants, mainly from Germany, Italy, and Poland, settled here. Since 1940, when Curitiba was a city of 100,000, it has experienced tremendous growth, largely as a result of the development of the Paraná hinterland,