Fortaleza, Brazil, the capital of the state of CearĂ¡. Fortaleza is a port on the Atlantic Ocean. The city has cotton mills and sugar refineries. The main exports are sugar, coffee, cotton, hides, and carnauba wax. The Federal University of CearĂ¡ is here. Fortaleza was founded by the Portuguese in 1609.

Population: 1,965,513.