, Brazil, a city in Rio de Janeiro state. It is on Guanabara Bay, across from the city of Rio de Janeiro. Ferries and a bridge link the two cities. Produced here are ships, processed foods, textiles, metals, and chemicals. NiterĂ³i was founded, on the site of an Indian village, in 1819 and was the state capital from 1835 until 1975.

Population: 416,123.