Uruguay, or Oriental Republic of Uruguay, a country in South America. It is on the Atlantic Ocean and is bordered by Brazil and Argentina. (The word "Oriental" refers to the country's location east of the Uruguay River.)

Facts in brief about Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo.
Official language: Spanish.
Official name: Republica Oriental del Uruguay (Eastern Republic of Uruguay).
Area: 68,037 mi2 (176,215 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, about 330 mi (530 km); east-west, about 280 mi (450 km). Coastline—about 410 mi. (660 km).
Elevation: Highest—Mirador Nacional, 1,644 ft (501 m) above sea level. Lowest—sea level.
Population: Current estimate—3,370,000; density, 50 per mi2 (19 per km2); distribution, 93 percent urban, 7 percent rural. 2004 census—3,241,003.
Chief products: Agriculture—cattle, sheep, wheat, corn, sugar cane, rice. Manufacturing—meat products, leather goods, textiles, beer, cement. Mining—gravel, sand, stone.
National anthem: "Himno Nacional del Uruguay" ("National Hymn of Uruguay").
Flag: Uruguay's flag and coat of arms were adopted in 1830. The flag has nine horizontal alternating stripes of blue and white. The sun, in the upper-left corner of the flag and at the top of the coat of arms, is a symbol of independence. The flag's stripes represent the nine departments in which the country was originally divided after gaining independence. On the coat of arms, the scales symbolize equality and justice, the horse and ox symbolize liberty and plenty, and the hill of Montevideo symbolizes strength.
Money: Basic unit—Uruguayan peso. One hundred centisimos equal one peso.