American Geographical Society, the oldest geographical society in the United States. Its objectives are to encourage research in geography and to spread geographical knowledge. It has sponsored research projects and was associated with many early Arctic explorations. Publications include two quarterlies, Geographical Reviewand American Geographical Society—Focus.The society was founded in 1851. Membership is about 1,300. Headquarters are in New York City.
, the branch of knowledge that deals with the earth, its life, and its resources.
Potatoes. Moles. Time capsules. Some things just belong underground and thrive in that dark, airless environment. Humans have long preferred topsoil to the subterranean, but some designers are looking to change that.