Abilene, Kansas, the seat of Dickinson County, in the northeastern part of the state. Abilene is primarily a marketing and transportation center for locally raised grain and livestock. The Eisenhower Center—which includes President Dwight D. Eisenhower's boyhood home, his grave, and a library and museum—is here. Abilene was settled in 1858 and became the terminus of the Kansas Pacific Railroad in 1867 and the railhead for cattle driven northward over the Chisholm Trail. “Wild Bill” Hickok served as marshal in 1871.

Population: 6,543.