Annapolis, Maryland, the state capital and the seat of Anne Arundel County. It lies on the Severn River near Chesapeake Bay, 23 miles (37 km) south of downtown Baltimore and 30 miles (48 km) east of Washington, D.C. The U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Naval Institute, and St. John's College are here. The State House (built during 1772–79) is the oldest capitol in use in the United States and is a national historic landmark. Boat building, food processing, and tourism are chief industries.
Annapolis was settled in 1649 by Puritans who called it Providence. It became a colonial capital in 1694, and the next year it was renamed Annapolis after Princess Anne, later queen of England. A city charter was granted in 1708. For a year, 1783–84, Annapolis was the national capital. The Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War, was signed here by Congress in 1784. The Annapolis Convention met here in 1786. Annapolis has the mayor-council form of government.