Augusta, or Augusta-Richmond County, a consolidated city in Georgia. It lies at the head of navigation on the Savannah River, about 135 miles (217 km) east-southeast of Atlanta. Augusta is a leading cotton market and a diversified industrial city producing textiles, ceramics, and pulp and paperboard.
Augusta is a resort and tourist center with numerous recreational facilities, including the Augusta National Golf Course, where the Masters Tournament is played each year. Augusta College, Paine College, and the Medical College of Georgia are here. The U.S. Army's Fort Gordon and the Savannah River Plant of the Department of Energy are nearby.
Augusta was founded in 1737 by James Oglethorpe and incorporated in 1789. It served as the state capital, 1786-1795. In 1996, the city of Augusta and Richmond County formed the consolidated city of Augusta-Richmond County.