Beaumont, Texas, the seat of Jefferson County. The city is located in southeastern Texas, near the Louisiana border, about 25 miles (40 km) north of the Gulf of Mexico. It lies on the Neches River and is linked by a deep channel to the Gulf and to the Intra-coastal Waterway. Beaumont is an important port, handling mainly petroleum, petroleum products, and grain. Chief industrial activities are petroleum refining and the making of petrochemicals; lumber and paper milling; food processing; shipbuilding; and the making of oil-drilling equipment. The city is the home of Lamar University.
Beaumont was settled in the late 1820's and chartered as a city in 1881. The Texas oil boom began just south of the city, at the Spindletop oil field, in 1901.
Beaumont has the council-manager form of government.