Berkeley, California, a city in Alameda County, on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay. It adjoins Oakland, to the south; across the bay lies San Francisco. Berkeley is primarily a residential and educational community but also has some light manufacturing.
The main campus of the University of California, founded in 1868, is here. The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, a nuclear research center, is also in Berkeley.
Berkeley was founded in 1853 on land that was once part of a vast Spanish estate. Many San Franciscans settled here after the 1906 earthquake. Nearly a fourth of the city was devastated by a fire in 1923. During the 1960's Berkeley was frequently the scene of student demonstrations and riots in connection with protest movements at the University of California.