Biloxi, Mississippi, a city in Harrison County. It is on a peninsula extending into the Gulf of Mexico. Biloxi is a port for oyster and shrimp fishing fleets. It is a canning and packing center for fish, vegetables, and fruit. Boat building and lumber milling are also important. Biloxi is also a winter and summer resort center. Nearby are Beauvoir, home of Jefferson Davis, and Keesler Air Force Base.
Old Biloxi (now Ocean Springs) was founded by the French in 1699 and was the first white settlement in the lower Mississippi valley. New Biloxi, the present city, was founded across the bay from the original settlement in 1719. It was the seat of government for French Louisiana from 1720 to 1722. It was incorporated in 1838.