Bismarck, North Dakota, the state capital and the seat of Burleigh County. It is on the Missouri River in the south-central part of the state. The city is in a grain-growing and cattle-raising area. Among the products manufactured here are optical equipment, farm machinery, brick, and tile. Large deposits of lignite coal are nearby.
On the grounds of the state capitol is the North Dakota Heritage Center, which includes the State Historical Museum. On the western edge of town is the Dakota Zoo. Across the river, in Mandan, is Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, which includes ruins of a Mandan Indian village.
Bismarck was founded in 1873 as a supply point for Black Hills gold miners. It was named for Germany's Prince Otto von Bismarck, and was incorporated in 1876. From 1873 to 1878 the city was the western terminus of the Northern Pacific Railway. Bismarck was the capital of Dakota Territory from 1883 to 1889. When the territory was divided into the states of North and South Dakota in 1889, Bismarck became the capital of North Dakota. Bismarck has the mayor-council form of government.