Chattanooga, Tennessee, the seat of Hamilton County. It lies on Moccasin Bend of the Tennessee River, in the Great Valley of the Appalachians. The southern limits of the city reach the Georgia border. To the north rises Signal Mountain and to the south, Lookout Mountain. .)
Chattanooga, in the heart of the region developed by the Tennessee Valley Authority, is a prosperous industrial and commercial center. Cheap hydroelectric power, provided by the TVA, and nearby deposits of coal have contributed to the city's growth. Products manufactured here include textiles, furniture, chemicals, drugs, machinery, processed foods, and ceramics.
The Hunter Museum of Art and the Tennessee Aquarium are among the city's many attractions. A campus of the University of Tennessee is in Chattanooga.
During the Civil War, the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge were fought near Chattanooga. Parts of these battlefields form the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. Atop Lookout Mountain are Point Park, a section of the military park; and Rock City, with scenic caverns, chasms, and other natural rock formations. On clear days seven states can be seen from the mountain's summit, which can be reached by a road or the Incline Railway. Chickamauga Lake, on the Tennessee River, provides popular recreational sites.
Chattanooga grew up on the site of an Indian trading post and took its name from a Cherokee word meaning “rock rising to a point,” describing Lookout Mountain. It was incorporated in 1839.
Chattanooga has the council-manager form of government.