Columbia, South Carolina, the capital and largest city of the state, and the seat of Richland County. It is in the center of South Carolina on the Congaree River.
Columbia is a commercial center and has a number of light manufacturing industries. Among the goods produced here are textiles, wood products, and processed foods.
Columbia is an important educational center; the University of South Carolina, Columbia College, and Benedict College are found here. Interesting places in Columbia include the State House, built during 1855-1905; the boyhood home of President Woodrow Wilson; the South Carolina State Museum; Riverbanks Zoological Park and Botanical Garden; and a number of well-preserved pre-Civil War houses.
Columbia was founded as the state capital in 1786. The city was captured by Sherman's troops during the Civil War and more than half of it was destroyed by fire in 1865. (For picture, see SOUTH CAROLINA)