Columbus, Ohio, the state capital and the seat of Franklin County. It is in central Ohio, about midway between Cincinnati and Cleveland. The city lies on a rolling plain, some 700 to 900 feet (210 to 270 m) above sea level at the junction of the Olentangy and Scioto rivers.
Downtown Columbus is situated on the east bank of the Scioto around the intersection of Broad and High streets, two major thoroughfares. Clustered here are many government buildings, department stores, office buildings, and theaters.
Among Columbus' prominent buildings are the state capitol, built in Greek Revival style (1839–61), and the Civic Center, which includes the 555-foot (169-m) LeVeque-Lincoln Tower. Suburbs include Upper Arlington, Worthington, Reynoldsburg, and Grove City. Whitehall and Bexley are independent communities completely surrounded by Columbus.
Columbus has a diversified economy, based on manufacturing and commerce and bolstered by education and government, which employ tens of thousands of workers. Products include glass items, aircraft and missiles, electrical appliances, foundry and machine-shop products, and auto parts. There are sizable printing, publishing, and research industries. A railway network and several main highways, including Interstate routes 70, 71, and 270, serve the city. Port Columbus is an international airport.
|Facts in brief about Columbus|
|Population: City--711,470. Metropolitan statistical area--1,612,694.|
|Area: City--226 mi2 (585 km2). Metropolitan statistical area--3,984 mi2 (10,319 km2), excluding inland water.|
|Altitude: 777 ft (237 m) above sea level.|
|Climate: Average temperature--January, 28 °F (-2 °C); July, 75 °F (24 °C). Average annual precipitation (rainfall, melted snow, and other forms of moisture)--40 in (102 cm).|
|Government: Mayor-council. Terms--4 years for the mayor and 4 years for the 7 council members.|
|Flag and city seal: The Columbus city flag features yellow, white, and red vertical stripes (left to right) and the city seal in its center. The city is named after Christopher Columbus, and the seal shows one of his ships.|
|Founded: 1812. Incorporated as a city in 1834.|
Principal museums are the Center of Science and Industry and the Ohio Historical Center, with varied exhibits, a library, and the state archives. Art exhibits, including paintings by George Bellows, a native of the city, are displayed in the Columbus Museum of Art. In the Park of Roses are 13 acres (5.3 hectares) of rose gardens. German Village is a historic district with restored 19th-century homes and shops.
A major event is the Ohio State Fair, held each August. Performances by the Columbus Symphony Orchestra, the Ballet Metropolitan, and other groups take place in the Ohio Theater, Each summer, thoroughbred racing is offered at Beulah Park in Grove City and harness racing at Scioto Downs in Columbus. The Columbus Blue Jackets (professional football) play at the Nationwide Arena, and the Columbus Crew (professional soccer) play at the Columbus Crew Stadium.
Ohio State University, opened in 1873, is Columbus's leading institution of higher learning and one of the largest universities in the nation. Other schools include Denison University, Franklin University, and Ohio Dominican College.