Concord, New Hampshire, the state capital and the seat of Merrimack County. It lies on the Merrimack River in south-central New Hampshire, some 70 miles (113 km) northwest of Boston. Concord is mainly a governmental center, but also has manufacturing industries and serves as a local commercial center. Concord granite is quarried nearby. Places of interest include the last home and the tomb of Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States; the capitol; the state library and historical society; and the McAuliffe-Shepard Discovery Center.
Concord was founded as Penacook in the mid-1720's; it was renamed Rumford in 1733 and acquired its present name in 1765. It was chosen as the site of the capitol in 1816 by the state legislature, which had met there since 1808. Throughout much of the 19th century the city was known especially for the making of Concord coaches, used by stagecoach lines.